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The Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Company Ltd sank Waunllwyd Colliery's No.2 and No.3 shafts between 1874 and 1876. No.2 downcast 268 yards deep, No.3 upcast 269 yards.
An underground fire broke out near the stables, on September 22nd, 1879 killing three men including a father and his son, 16 horses also perished. An air-door, which had been purposely left open to clear a pocket of gas was accidentally close by a fireman sending the gas to the naked lights at the stables, where it ignited.
John Jones a Fireman.
William Griffiths (snr.) an Ostler.
William Griffiths (jnr.) an Ostler.
In 1896 a workforce of 951 men were employed here and coal was being extracted from the Three Quarters, Big Vein and Elled seams.
During 1897 another downcast shaft was sunk (No.1) at 272 yards deep.
By 1918 the workforce had grown to 2,365 men.
From a list 1923, there were 1,977 men working, producing coal and ironstone from the Old Coal and Meadow Vein (No.1 pit) Elled, Big Vein and Three Quarter seams (No.2).
During 1935 Partridge Jones and John Paton and Co. became the new owners.
In 1938 it employed 1,123 and in 1945 there were 758 men employed,and 486 men in 1962.
The colliery was effectively closed when it was integrated with the Marine colliery in 1964.
Victoria pits were a series of 16 mine workings producing both coal and iron ore to supply the Victoria Ironworks owned by the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Co. Ltd.
The shaft of the original Victoria No.1 colliery was sunk to a depth of 690 feet by the Ebbw Vale Company and completed in 1846 (other shafts were sunk later). Although it was only a single shaft it was used to raise both coal and iron from three different levels. Winding was by the Water Balance method.
The No. 6 pit was added in 1847. This was also a water balance pit working both iron and coal.
There occurred an accident just over one year after it opened, when 11 miners who were descending the shaft fell to their deaths after a rope, which was connected to a counter balance bucket became detached.
On March 2nd 1871, a gas explosion occurred at the Victoria No.1 pit killing eighteen men and one boy.
At the inquest the government mines inspector reported that a blower of gas from the coalface had been ignited by a naked flame, he also added that the ventilation was inadequate and this was compounded by the abnormal weather conditions. In his report to the Home Office the inspector stated if his earlier advice on ventilation improvement had been put into practice the explosion probably would not have occurred.
After the explosion the pit was closed down, it reopened eleven years later when steam powered winding and ventilation fans were installed.
In 1896 a workforce of 363 were producing coal from the Big Vein, Byddeg, Old Coal and Old Woman's Coal seams.
By 1908 the workforce had increased to 463.
No. 6 closed in 1894 and No. 5 closed in 1895 and reopened in 1914 it was then called Prince of Wales, Victoria. Victoria No. 1 closed in 1914.
In 1918 there were 998 men employed.
From a list 1923, there were 1,089 men working, producing from the Black Vein and Gwarycae seams.
Later Partridge Jones & John Paton Ltd. owned it.
Production ceased in 1929.
In 1945 there were only 8 men employed for pumping and ventilation.
Name Age Marital Status
Chivers, Hubert 13 -
Davis, James 39 Marrried
Edwards, Richard 26 Single
Harris John 47 Married, 4 Children
Morgan, John 32 Widowed
Owen, William 18 Single
Phelps, James 29 Single
Stilman, Emanuel 27 Widowed
Thomas, David 29 Married, 2 Children
Williams, Isaac 23 Single
Williams, Richard 27 Single
Name Age Job Marital Status Address
Adams, Francis 21 Collier Single Briery Hill
Chapman, John 23 Collier Married - 1 Child Old Pitty
Cooke, Samuel 18 Collier Single Bee Row
Evans, John 31 Collier Married - 5 Children Victoria Town
Ford, Charles 20 Collier Single Powells Row
Gallope, John 30 Collier Married - 6 Children Briery Hill
Gallope, Joseph 25 Collier Married Old Pitty
George, James 24 Collier Married - 1 Child Briery Hill
Harris, Joseph 12 Doorboy Single Powells Row
James, Thomas 21 Collier Single Briery Hill
Mitchell, Thomas 39 Collier Married - 10 Childr Victoria Town
Phillips, Philip 59 Collier Married Bee Row
Phillips, David 21 Collier Single Bee Row
Plummer, William 24 Collier Married Victoria Town
Price, Jonathan 50 Fireman Married - 6 Children Powells Row
Price, John 18 Collier Single (Son of Jonathan) Powells Row
Tanner, James 18 Collier Single Briery Hill
Williams, George 23 Haulier Single Briery Hill
21st June 1848
2nd March 1871